Communism in Scandinavia

Issue: 
Spring 2015

This article studies the historiography of Scandinavian communist movements which lived in the shadow of large social-democratic parties and worked, without the exception of war years, rather freely. We see how the studies concerning the history of Scandinavian communist movements have been interested in the formation of the communist parties out of the oppositions of the social-democratic parties, their relation to the Communist International and their activities during the war. The biographies of important leaders have also contributed significantly to the knowledge of the Scandinavian communists. In Sweden the scholars have been interested in the ideological development of the communist party, while in Denmark communist culture has been an important topic.

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