Théodore Aubert and the Entente internationale anticommuniste: an unofficial anti-marxist international
The Entente internationale anticommuniste (EIA) is an organisation founded on a private basis in June 1924 by Théodore Aubert, a lawyer belonging to the protestant bourgeoisie of Geneva, with the help of former Russian military surgeon Georges Lodygensky. According to Aubert it was ‘the first attempt to defend the free world against communism, at an international and ideological level’. Little by little, the oprganisation’s permanent bureau, set up in Geneva, managed to build an impressive international net, considering its relatively limited means, and it had national sections in most European countries, taking as its model the Third International. Guided by a strong conservative and anti-socialist ideology, the leaders of the EIA co-operated during the 1930s with semi-official agencies of imperial Japan as well as of fascist Italy and Nazi Germany – which contributed to the swift decline of the enterprise at the end of World War II. Their work is nevertheless exceptional for its longevity – more than twenty-five years – and its scale. It illustrates capacity of the right to create transnational bodies that sought to preserve social order, property, family and homeland under cover of the struggle against communism, in a period some time before the Cold War began.
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