'Not Completely Communist’: Regionalism and the Spanish Communist Party, 1920-1941

Issue: 
Autumn 2013

This article argues that regional identities were of even greater importance for the nature and development of the Spanish communism than has previously been recognised. The fact that Spain was the only nation-state in which two communist parties eventually came to be accepted as members of the Communist International, was only the most obvious sign of the deep regional differences that often divided Spanish communists. In fact, the many different kinds of regional influences (cultural and linguistic, but also social and political) that affected ‘official’ communism in Spain challenged the image of communist parties as essentially monolithic and centralist in nature. Instead, this article posits the idea of different Spanish communisms, sometimes at odds with each, but which also shared some common beliefs and a sense of purpose.

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TCC 5 Local communisms