The Portuguese Communist Party and the labour movement in the beginning of the Carnation Revolution


On 25 April 1974 a coup d’état carried out by the Armed Forces brought down Salazar’s dictatorship, a coup that quickly turned into a social revolution. The most organized party at the time was the Portuguese Communist Party, faithful to the Soviet Union. This is one of the rare occasions in which one can study the behaviour of a Stalinist Communist party in the midst of a revolutionary process in post-war Western Europe. The goal of this research – based on a wide variety of sources, from official notices of the party itself, to congress documents, pamphlets and periodicals, among others – is to analyse what political strategies PCP fought for and what tactics it adopted to achieve its end results in the period between 25 April 1974 and the second Provisional Government.

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TCC3 1968 and after