‘Rejecting all adventurism’: The Italian Communist Party and the movements of 1972-9
The history of the Italian Communist Party in the 1960s and 1970s was marked by the party’s engagement with a succession of radical competitors. The party benefited from its engagement with the ‘cycle of contention’ (a term taken from Sidney Tarrow) that centred on the Hot Autumn of 1969. However, a second cycle can also be identified, running from 1972 to 1979 and fuelled by ‘autonomist’ readings of Marxism. The party’s hostile engagement with this second group of movements was a major contributory factor to the subsequent decline of the party, as well as the suppression of the movements.
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