Re-Assessing post-communist nostalgia in Romania: chronological framework and opinion polls
The paper analyzes the evolution of communist nostalgia in Romania based on the results of the opinion polls published from the end of the 1990s until today. Thus, I structure my analysis in two main parts. The first one provides a chronological overview of the emergence of communist nostalgia in Romania showing how the anti-communism of the 1990s was replaced by shared nostalgic feelings about life before the regime change in December 1989. In this context, I show in what way the anti-communism manifested itself within Romania and to what extent the world economic crisis, the waning relevance of anti-communism and its related negative themes and especially the Romanian society’s coming to terms with the recent past at the end of 2000s favoured an nostalgic approach towards the communist period. In the second part, I examine the results of opinion polls to highlight the twin focus of communist nostalgia (Nicolae Ceauşescu’s political activity and the regime’s economic and social performance) and that it has social and economical grounds rather than a political significance. Moreover, I underline that Romanians’ nostalgic affinities gain different meanings depending on age factor.
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