Contributors discusses the European referendum form a number of different perspectives.
Marina Prentoulis argues that, since there was no indication before the referendum of what kind of Brexit was being voted on, democracy requires post-referendum public discussion of the terms of exit. Roshi Naidoo discusses the way the term white working class was used during the debates as a cover for racist attitudes towards immigration. Referring to the working class in this way allows those who are not working-class to dissociate themselves from visible racism. Danny Dorling argues that more subtlety is required in identifying the key demographics that voted for Brexit. Neither the North nor the working class made up the majority of Leave voters. He suggests that a key constituency were middle class older votes concerned about deteriorating health provision. Ash Ghadiali argues that the notion of a specifically British set of values not shared by others is a central factor in the promotion of racist attitudes. Teresa Piacentini writes about responses to migrants in Scotland, and argues that it is important to build bridges between communities on the ground, citing the Refuweegee initiative as an example. Richard Corbett looks at the many questions still needing to be answered about the future of Britain. Cian O’Callaghan and Mary Gilmartin look at the effects of Brexit for Ireland, including the policing of the EU border, the peace process and migration between the UK and the Republic. Rooham Jamali looks at social media commentary on the referendum. Nick Dearden discusses the history of trade deals and argues that the left needs a better worked out approach to trade and international agreements in the light of the colonisation of discontent with globalisation by the populist right.