A German Marxist Internationalist and the British Socialist Movement: Clara Zetkin on class and gender
Clara Zetkin (1857–1933) founded the Socialist Women’s International and was a regular Social Democratic Party (SPD) delegate to the congresses of the Second International. In order to spread the messages of women’s empowerment and socialism, she formed a correspondence network throughout Europe and beyond, and in Britain, for the first half of her career, Justice, the weekly journal of the Social Democratic Federation (SDF), was her primary outlet. As relationships developed and influencers in Britain changed Zetkin’s media presence evolved – but her reputation in Britain was built on her articles and coverage in the pages of Justice. This essay tells the story of that relationship.