Dr Antonio Perra is a historian focusing on the international relations of the Middle East during the Cold War. His areas of research and work include the history of the United States and of the European Union foreign policy in the Middle East, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and current Middle Eastern affairs. He is the author of Kennedy and the Middle East: the Cold War, Israel and Saudi Arabia (I.B. Tauris 2016). Dr Perra is currently investigating the 2003 Iraqi war and the rise of ISIS.