National identity and socialist moral majority
The growth of nationalism in East European communist states in the 1980s was a response to the communist state’s destruction of traditional forms of society and societal identification. In the struggles for new forms of hegemony, nationalism was invoked by both opposition and the state. This nationalism was frequently imbued with conservative sexual politics (e.g. anti-abortion campaigning) or authoritarian populism (e.g. nationalism in Serbia). Drawing on psychoanalytic concepts, particularly of fantasies of the Other, Salecl argues that officially sponsored social authoritarianism and the moral majority opposition each were based on a fantasy of being the sole defenders of the nation.
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