Marx on Globalisation
A new selection from the writings of Marx and Engels that enriches current discussions, both in offering in-depth analysis of the processes of international capital and in giving a sense of the long-term nature of the trends within global capitalism.
All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned . the need of a constantly expanding market for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the whole surface of the globe. It must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere, establish connections everywhere’ . this was the Communist Manifesto’s description of the global reach of capitalism.
Globalisation, evidently, is not a new phenomenon; but on the eve of the new millennium, the processes that constitute the phenomenon of globalisation are intensifying, and being experienced in new ways.
The immense scholarship and analytic powers of Marx mean that his writings on international capitalism and its effects remain of interest in current debates on globalisation. With this in mind, Lawrence and Wishart offer a new selection from the writings of Marx, in the hope that it will enrich current discussions.
The selection includes extracts from The Communist Manifesto, Capital volumes 1-3, The Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The Poverty of Philosophy.
Introduction: Marx and Globalisation:
Section 1 The World Economy; Marx and Engels, ‘Bourgeois and Proletarians’, Extract from The Communist Manifesto, Collected Works Marx Engels Volume 6 pp483-96
Section 2 Progress; Engels, ‘Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy’, CW3 422-2Marx, ‘Speech on Free Trade’, CW6 287-90, Marx, ‘Genesis of the Industrial Capitalist’, Extract from Capital 1 CW35 738-48, Engels, ‘England in 1845 and 1885’, CW26 298-301,
Section 3 The Inevitability of Development?; Marx, ‘Letter to Otechestvenniye Zapiski, CW 24 196-201
Marx, ‘Letter to Vera Zasulich’, Cw 24 364-9,
Section 4 Imperialism; Marx, ‘Revolution in China and Europe’, CW 12 93-100, Marx, ‘Future Results of British Rule in India, CW 12 217-23 Marx, The Indian Revolt’, CW 15 353-6,
Section 5 Technological Development; Marx, ‘Theses on Feuerbach’, CW 5 3-5, Marx, ‘Second Observation’, Extract from ‘Poverty of Philosophy’, CW 6 165-6
Section 6 Commodities and Consumerism; Marx, ‘Estranged Labour’, Extract from ‘Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts’, CW3 270-82, Marx, ‘The Power of Money’, Extract from ‘Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts’, CW 3 322-6, Marx, ‘Bread Manufacture’, CW 19 252-5
Section 7 Capital, Money Wages and Trade; Marx, ‘Universal Money’, Extract from Capital 1, CW 35 153-6
Marx, ‘Chapter on Money’, Extract from Economic Manuscripts CW 28 156-8, Marx, National Differences of Wages, Extract from Capital 1 CW 35 558-64,Marx, ‘Formation of Supply in General’, Extract from Capital 2 CW 36 141-7
Section 8 Capital; Finance and Profit; Marx, ‘Money Capital and real Capital, Extract from Capital 3 CW 37 475-84,Marx, ‘Decline in the Rate of Profit’, Extract from Economic Manuscripts CW 33 148-51