Ferreira de Castro's Emigrantes: An Anarchist Portuguese Novel Responds to the Myth of the 'Brasileiro'
The Portuguese author Ferreira de Castro was a participant in the Iberian anarchist movement in the early twentieth century. This article suggests that his novel Emigrantes (Emigrants) is an attempt to disprove the myth of the ‘brasileiro’, the wealthy Portuguese-born man who returns home from Brazil as a powerful patriarch. The figure of the ‘brasileiro’ represented the possibility of success offered by international capitalism. Ferreira de Castro’s anarchist sympathies inspired him to craft a novel which reaches the conclusion that the possibility of material gain is ephemeral for the poor.